Preventing Osteoporosis and Treatment

  • There are steps/ recommendations that can help to reduce the risk of osteoporosis:
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Indulge in regular weight bearing exercise like dancing, walking or climbing stairs
  • Take food to get enough calcium and vitamin D.
  • Eat green leafy vegetables that contain vitamin-K, like, spinach, broccoli and cabbage
  • Patient must talk to the doctor to see if postmenopausal hormones levels are right for her.

 

Can Osteoporosis be treated?

It is best to prevent osteoporosis before it starts, and there are many steps that everyone can take to decrease the risk of bone loss.

If a patient is at high risk of osteoporosis or is already experiencing bone loss, he / she must talk to his doctor about available treatments.

There are medications that can slow the rate of bone loss and even help rebuild bone.


Pathophysiology:Biological Causes of Osteoporosis

Bone maintenance is a delicate business. In adults, the daily removal of small amounts of bone mineral, a process called ‘resorption’, must be balanced by an equal deposition of new mineral if bone strength is to be preserved.

When this balance tips toward excessive resorbtion, bones weaken (Osteopenia) and over time can become brittle and prone to fracture (Osteoporosis).This continual resorption and redeposition of bone mineral, or bone remodeling, is intimately tied to the pathophysiology of osteoporosis.

A number of effective medications are approved for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. These medications must be tailored to a person's specific needs and used in conjunction with recommended lifestyle changes.

DIAGNOSIS of Osteoporosis:

  • Bone density: DEXA, USG,
  • Plain X-rays: Trabecular  vs. Cortical bone&Lumbar spine, hip, wrist
  • Biochemistry: Serum, Urine
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